Withered Reaver - NPC

Withered Reaver

Informations générales

The location of this NPC is unknown.
Name ILVL Type % Loot
Silk Cloth 30 Trade Goods 29.33 %
Goldenbark Apple 35 Consumable 5.26 %
Mageweave Cloth 40 Trade Goods 5.01 %
Vital Tunic 37 Cloth 2 %
Geomancer's Cord 36 Cloth 2 %
Vital Raiment 37 Cloth 2 %
Geomancer's Boots 37 Cloth 2 %
Vital Leggings 36 Cloth 2 %
Vital Headband 36 Cloth 2 %
Embersilk Bracelets 37 Cloth 2 %
Stonecloth Epaulets 36 Cloth 2 %
Embersilk Cord 37 Cloth 2 %
Embersilk Cloak 36 Cloth 2 %
Thistlefur Robe 36 Cloth 2 %
Geomancer's Gloves 37 Cloth 2 %
Fen Ring 37 Miscellaneous 2 %
Renegade Boots 36 Mail 2 %
Renegade Circlet 36 Mail 2 %
Archer's Shoulderpads 37 Leather 2 %
Archer's Trousers 37 Leather 2 %
Archer's Cap 36 Leather 2 %
Renegade Leggings 37 Mail 2 %
Renegade Pauldrons 37 Mail 2 %
Thallium Choker 36 Miscellaneous 2 %
Stonecloth Britches 37 Cloth 2 %
Amethyst Band 37 Miscellaneous 2 %
Renegade Shield 37 Shields 2 %
Thistlefur Jerkin 36 Cloth 2 %
Hawkeye's Gloves 37 Leather 2 %
Trickster's Sash 37 Leather 2 %
Trickster's Cloak 36 Cloth 2 %
Headhunter's Armor 36 Leather 2 %
Deadly Kris 36 Daggers 2 %
Giant Club 37 One-Handed Maces 2 %
Thick Scale Breastplate 36 Mail 2 %
Thick Scale Shield 36 Shields 2 %
Pillager's Pauldrons 36 Mail 2 %
Pillager's Leggings 36 Mail 2 %
Pillager's Crown 37 Mail 2 %
Pillager's Chestguard 37 Mail 2 %
Mercenary Blade 36 One-Handed Swords 2 %
Nocturnal Cloak 37 Cloth 2 %
Enduring Boots 37 Mail 2 %
Enduring Breeches 37 Mail 2 %
Hawkeye's Buckler 37 Shields 2 %
Archer's Buckler 36 Shields 2 %
Hawkeye's Shoes 37 Leather 2 %
Cutthroat's Hat 37 Leather 2 %
Ghostwalker Rags 37 Leather 2 %
Ghostwalker Legguards 36 Leather 2 %
Ghostwalker Pads 36 Leather 2 %
Ghostwalker Gloves 36 Leather 2 %
Ghostwalker Buckler 36 Shields 2 %
Hawkeye's Cord 36 Leather 2 %
Conjurer's Mantle 36 Cloth 2 %
Silk Wizard Hat 37 Cloth 2 %
Nightsky Robe 37 Cloth 2 %
Feathered Headdress 36 Leather 2 %
Cowl of Necromancy 36 Cloth 2 %
Voodoo Band 37 Miscellaneous 2 %
Insignia Chestguard 36 Leather 2 %
Glyphed Bracers 37 Leather 2 %
Glyphed Cloak 37 Cloth 2 %
Chief Brigadier Cloak 36 Cloth 2 %
Mail Combat Armor 36 Mail 2 %
Combat Shield 36 Shields 2 %
Ogremind Ring 36 Miscellaneous 2 %
Ballast Maul 36 Two-Handed Maces 2 %
Marauder's Bracers 35 Mail 2 %
Marauder's Belt 35 Mail 2 %
Pillager's Gloves 34 Mail 2 %
Thick Scale Shoulder Pads 34 Mail 2 %
Thick Scale Crown 35 Mail 2 %
Sparkleshell Cloak 35 Cloth 2 %
Durable Rod 34 Miscellaneous 2 %
Korg Bat 36 Two-Handed Maces 2 %
Huge Stone Club 36 Two-Handed Maces 2 %
Headhunting Spear 36 Polearms 2 %
Gloom Reaper 37 One-Handed Axes 2 %
Boulder Pads 37 Leather 2 %
Mindbender Loop 36 Miscellaneous 2 %
Knight's Boots 37 Mail 2 %
Knight's Bracers 36 Mail 2 %
Knight's Gauntlets 37 Mail 2 %
Sentinel Girdle 36 Leather 2 %
Sentinel Bracers 36 Leather 2 %
Knight's Girdle 37 Mail 2 %
Explosive Shotgun 37 Guns 2 %
Conjurer's Breeches 37 Cloth 2 %
Pillager's Shield 37 Shields 2 %
Conjurer's Hood 36 Cloth 2 %
Conjurer's Gloves 36 Cloth 2 %
Sentinel Cloak 36 Cloth 2 %
Sentinel Boots 37 Leather 2 %
Aurora Cloak 37 Cloth 2 %
Aurora Sash 37 Cloth 2 %
Chief Brigadier Bracers 37 Mail 2 %
Nightsky Trousers 36 Cloth 2 %
Mail Combat Leggings 36 Mail 2 %
Nightsky Armor 37 Cloth 2 %
Twilight Gloves 37 Cloth 2 %
Sentinel Gloves 37 Leather 2 %
Twilight Belt 36 Cloth 2 %
Twilight Cuffs 36 Cloth 2 %
Twilight Boots 37 Cloth 2 %
Archer's Boots 36 Leather 2 %
Sparkleshell Belt 36 Mail 2 %
Silksand Bracers 38 Cloth 2 %
Silksand Cape 38 Cloth 2 %
Silksand Boots 39 Cloth 2 %
Stonecloth Robe 39 Cloth 2 %
Stonecloth Circlet 38 Cloth 2 %
Silksand Girdle 39 Cloth 2 %
Hawkeye's Breeches 38 Leather 2 %
Enduring Circlet 38 Mail 2 %
Enduring Breastplate 39 Mail 2 %
Warden's Cloak 39 Cloth 2 %
Hawkeye's Epaulets 38 Leather 2 %
Stonecloth Vest 39 Cloth 2 %
Darkmist Cape 39 Cloth 2 %
Greenstone Circle 38 Miscellaneous 2 %
Jet Chain 39 Miscellaneous 2 %
Thallium Hoop 39 Miscellaneous 2 %
Jazeraint Cloak 38 Cloth 2 %
Jazeraint Bracers 39 Mail 2 %
Forest Pendant 38 Miscellaneous 2 %
Geomancer's Spaulders 38 Cloth 2 %
Embersilk Boots 38 Cloth 2 %
Embersilk Mantle 39 Cloth 2 %
Embersilk Mitts 38 Cloth 2 %
Geomancer's Trousers 39 Cloth 2 %
Enduring Pauldrons 38 Mail 2 %
Ravager's Cloak 39 Cloth 2 %
Marauder's Leggings 38 Mail 2 %
Sparkleshell Sabatons 39 Mail 2 %
Marauder's Circlet 39 Mail 2 %
Marauder's Boots 38 Mail 2 %
Trickster's Pauldrons 39 Leather 2 %
Sparkleshell Gauntlets 38 Mail 2 %
Steadfast Gloves 39 Mail 2 %
Enduring Shield 39 Shields 2 %
Stonecloth Branch 39 Miscellaneous 2 %
Conjurer's Sphere 38 Miscellaneous 2 %
Steadfast Girdle 38 Mail 2 %
Trickster's Protector 39 Shields 2 %
Trickster's Handwraps 38 Leather 2 %
Nocturnal Gloves 39 Leather 2 %
Nocturnal Wristbands 39 Leather 2 %
Nocturnal Sash 38 Leather 2 %
Ghostwalker Crown 39 Leather 2 %
Ravager's Cord 39 Mail 2 %
Savage Axe 39 One-Handed Axes 2 %
Stone Hammer 38 Two-Handed Maces 2 %
Trickster's Boots 39 Leather 2 %
Trickster's Bindings 38 Leather 2 %
Headhunter's Headdress 38 Leather 2 %
Smoothbore Gun 39 Guns 2 %
Huntsman's Belt 39 Leather 2 %
Huntsman's Cape 38 Cloth 2 %
Glyphed Buckler 39 Shields 2 %
Chief Brigadier Coif 39 Mail 2 %
Aurora Bracers 38 Cloth 2 %
Aurora Gloves 39 Cloth 2 %
Aurora Cowl 39 Cloth 2 %
Chief Brigadier Girdle 38 Mail 2 %
Aurora Mantle 39 Cloth 2 %
Aurora Boots 38 Cloth 2 %
Chief Brigadier Boots 39 Mail 2 %
Circlet of the Order 38 Cloth 2 %
Glyphed Epaulets 39 Leather 2 %
Augural Shroud 39 Cloth 2 %
Chief Brigadier Gauntlets 38 Mail 2 %
Steadfast Cloak 37 Cloth 2 %
Nightsky Orb 37 Miscellaneous 2 %
Steadfast Bracelets 37 Mail 2 %
Sparkleshell Bracers 36 Mail 2 %
Wicked Chain Shield 34 Shields 2 %
Thistlefur Branch 36 Miscellaneous 2 %
Vital Orb 37 Miscellaneous 2 %
Tigerbane 38 Daggers 2 %
Cloaked Hood 38 Leather 2 %
Murphstar 39 One-Handed Maces 2 %
Knightly Longsword 38 One-Handed Swords 2 %
Glyphed Mitts 38 Leather 2 %
Glyphed Boots 39 Leather 2 %
Conjurer's Vest 38 Cloth 2 %
Conjurer's Robe 38 Cloth 2 %
Tromping Miner's Boots 38 Leather 2 %
Captain's Cloak 39 Cloth 2 %
Knight's Crest 39 Shields 2 %
Archer's Jerkin 38 Leather 2 %
Renegade Chestguard 38 Mail 2 %
Huntsman's Bands 39 Leather 2 %
Sorcerer Bracelets 39 Cloth 2 %
Sorcerer Cloak 38 Cloth 2 %
Sorcerer Sash 39 Cloth 2 %
Sentinel Buckler 38 Shields 2 %
Knight's Pauldrons 38 Mail 2 %
Twilight Cowl 38 Cloth 2 %
Twilight Mantle 38 Cloth 2 %
Twilight Pants 39 Cloth 2 %
Glyphed Helm 39 Leather 2 %
Glyphed Belt 38 Leather 2 %
Sentinel Trousers 39 Leather 2 %
Sentinel Cap 38 Leather 2 %
Knight's Headguard 38 Mail 2 %
Knight's Legguards 39 Mail 2 %
Knight's Breastplate 39 Mail 2 %
Sentinel Shoulders 38 Leather 2 %
Marauder's Gauntlets 36 Mail 2 %
Thick Scale Legguards 35 Mail 2 %
Phalanx Shield 34 Shields 2 %
Elder's Padded Armor 35 Cloth 2 %
Elder's Hat 34 Cloth 2 %
Elder's Pants 34 Cloth 2 %
Insignia Belt 34 Leather 2 %
Insignia Gloves 34 Leather 2 %
Onyx Shredder Plate 35 Mail 2 %
Mail Combat Spaulders 35 Mail 2 %
Nightsky Boots 34 Cloth 2 %
Elder's Robe 35 Cloth 2 %
Infiltrator Armor 35 Leather 2 %
Knight's Cloak 34 Cloth 2 %
Elder's Amber Stave 35 Miscellaneous 2 %
Durable Tunic 34 Cloth 2 %
Durable Robe 34 Cloth 2 %
Twilight Cape 35 Cloth 2 %
Phalanx Leggings 34 Mail 2 %
Infiltrator Pants 34 Leather 2 %
Phalanx Boots 34 Mail 2 %
Phalanx Breastplate 35 Mail 2 %
Summoner's Wand 34 Wands 2 %
Scorching Wand 35 Wands 2 %
Hillborne Axe 34 One-Handed Axes 2 %
Whipwood Recurve Bow 34 Bows 2 %
Acrobatic Staff 34 Staves 2 %
Stonecutter Claymore 35 Two-Handed Swords 2 %
Pressed Felt Robe 34 Cloth 2 %
Goblin Power Shovel 34 Two-Handed Maces 2 %
Wicked Chain Helmet 34 Mail 2 %
Greater Healing Potion 31 Potions, Flask, Elixirs 1.44 %
Sweet Nectar 35 Consumable 2.44 %
Nightsky Cowl 35 Cloth 2 %
Nightsky Gloves 34 Cloth 2 %
Mail Combat Headguard 35 Mail 2 %
Mail Combat Belt 34 Mail 2 %
Nightsky Mantle 35 Cloth 2 %
Insignia Mantle 35 Leather 2 %
Mail Combat Boots 35 Mail 2 %
Mail Combat Gauntlets 34 Mail 2 %
Insignia Cap 35 Leather 2 %
Insignia Leggings 35 Leather 2 %
Insignia Buckler 35 Shields 2 %
Conjurer's Shoes 35 Cloth 2 %
Insignia Boots 34 Leather 2 %
Enduring Bracers 34 Mail 2 %
Enduring Belt 34 Mail 2 %
Enduring Gauntlets 35 Mail 2 %
Cutthroat's Vest 34 Leather 2 %
Hawkeye's Cloak 35 Cloth 2 %
Hawkeye's Bracers 35 Leather 2 %
Stonecloth Belt 34 Cloth 2 %
Stonecloth Bindings 34 Cloth 2 %
Dokebi Hat 35 Leather 2 %
Cutthroat's Mantle 34 Leather 2 %
Ghostwalker Boots 35 Leather 2 %
Headhunter's Spaulders 35 Leather 2 %
Headhunter's Woolies 35 Leather 2 %
Conjurer's Bracers 35 Cloth 2 %
Wicked Chain Chestpiece 34 Mail 2 %
Headhunter's Mitts 34 Leather 2 %
Headhunter's Buckler 34 Shields 2 %
Ghostwalker Belt 34 Leather 2 %
Pathfinder Hat 34 Leather 2 %
Headhunter's Slippers 34 Leather 2 %
Stonecloth Gloves 35 Cloth 2 %
Long Redwood Bow 35 Bows 2 %
Renegade Gauntlets 35 Mail 2 %
Renegade Belt 35 Mail 2 %
Spinel Ring 34 Miscellaneous 2 %
Cerulean Ring 35 Miscellaneous 2 %
Archer's Gloves 35 Leather 2 %
Stonecloth Boots 35 Cloth 2 %
Conjurer's Cinch 34 Cloth 2 %
Archer's Belt 35 Leather 2 %
Archer's Bracers 34 Leather 2 %
Archer's Cloak 34 Cloth 2 %
Basalt Ring 34 Miscellaneous 2 %
Renegade Bracers 34 Mail 2 %
Geomancer's Cloak 34 Cloth 2 %
Vital Boots 34 Cloth 2 %
Greenstone Talisman 35 Miscellaneous 2 %
Vital Handwraps 34 Cloth 2 %
Vital Shoulders 35 Cloth 2 %
Thistlefur Pants 35 Cloth 2 %
Geomancer's Bracers 35 Cloth 2 %
Thistlefur Mantle 34 Cloth 2 %
Thistlefur Cap 35 Cloth 2 %
Freezing Shard 39 Wands 0.02 %
Boneslasher 37 Two-Handed Swords 0.02 %
Quillward Harness 39 Leather 0.02 %
Broken Blade of Heroes 38 Trade Goods 0.02 %
Pattern: Guardian Belt 34 Leatherworking 0.02 %
Pattern: Rich Purple Silk Shirt 37 Tailoring 0.02 %
Manslayer 39 Two-Handed Axes 0.02 %
Silver Ore 10 Trade Goods 0.02 %
Stormwind Brie 35 Consumable 0.04 %
Mulgore Spice Bread 35 Consumable 0.04 %
Delicious Cave Mold 35 Consumable 0.04 %
Recipe: Elixir of Fortitude 35 Alchemy 0.04 %
Goldthorn 34 Herb 0.04 %
Khadgar's Whisker 37 Herb 0.04 %
Ebony Boneclub 37 One-Handed Maces 0.02 %
Pattern: Big Voodoo Mask 44 Leatherworking 0.02 %
Pattern: Green Silk Pack 35 Tailoring 0.02 %
Pattern: Boots of the Enchanter 35 Tailoring 0.02 %
Pattern: Crimson Silk Shoulders 38 Tailoring 0.02 %
Pattern: Green Silk Armor 33 Tailoring 0.02 %
Pattern: Truefaith Gloves 30 Tailoring 0.02 %
Recipe: Elixir of Detect Lesser Invisibility 39 Alchemy 0.04 %
Pattern: Shadow Hood 34 Tailoring 0.02 %
Pattern: Spider Silk Slippers 28 Tailoring 0.02 %
Pattern: Guardian Leather Bracers 39 Leatherworking 0.02 %
Pattern: Guardian Armor 35 Leatherworking 0.02 %
Pattern: Dark Leather Gloves 25 Leatherworking 0.02 %
Pattern: Pilferer's Gloves 28 Leatherworking 0.02 %
Pattern: Swift Boots 40 Leatherworking 0.02 %
Pattern: Green Whelp Armor 35 Leatherworking 0.02 %
Gold Ore 25 Trade Goods 0.02 %
Strong Iron Lockbox 35 Junk 0.19 %
Jade 35 Trade Goods 0.38 %
Mana Potion 32 Potions, Flask, Elixirs 0.74 %
Iron Lockbox 30 Junk 0.17 %
Citrine 40 Trade Goods 0.16 %
Quillshooter 38 Bows 0.08 %
Pattern: Azure Shoulders 38 Tailoring 0.1 %
Scroll of Agility II 35 Scroll (OBSOLETE) 0.75 %
Scroll of Intellect II 30 Scroll (OBSOLETE) 0.75 %
Large Knapsack 35 Bag 1 %
Pattern: Hands of Darkness 29 Tailoring 0.02 %
Scroll of Strength II 35 Scroll (OBSOLETE) 0.75 %
Scroll of Stamina II 30 Scroll (OBSOLETE) 0.75 %
Scroll of Protection II 25 Scroll (OBSOLETE) 0.75 %
Scroll of Spirit II 25 Scroll (OBSOLETE) 0.75 %
Schematic: Goblin Land Mine 39 Engineering 0.08 %
Arthas' Tears 44 Herb 0.08 %
Pendant of Myzrael 35 Miscellaneous 0.051 %
Thoughtcast Boots 38 Cloth 0.051 %
Lesser Moonstone 30 Trade Goods 0.051 %
Stormgale Fists 36 Mail 0.04 %
Plans: Frost Tiger Blade 40 Blacksmithing 0.04 %
Pattern: Spider Belt 36 Tailoring 0.04 %
Wild Hog Shank 35 Consumable 0.06 %
Plans: Golden Scale Cuirass 39 Blacksmithing 0.06 %
Pattern: Guardian Cloak 37 Leatherworking 0.06 %
Aquamarine 45 Trade Goods 0.0713 %
Pattern: Dusky Leather Leggings 33 Leatherworking 0.06 %
Pattern: Earthen Silk Belt 39 Tailoring 0.06 %
Plans: Golden Scale Leggings 34 Blacksmithing 0.06 %
Plans: Polished Steel Boots 37 Blacksmithing 0.04 %
Zealot Blade 34 One-Handed Swords 0.05 %
Viscous Hammer 35 Two-Handed Maces 0.05 %
Gloves of Old 34 Cloth 0.05 %
Rod of Molten Fire 35 Miscellaneous 0.05 %
Starfaller 34 Wands 0.05 %
Kaleidoscope Chain 35 Miscellaneous 0.05 %
Ravasaur Scale Boots 35 Mail 0.05 %
Tigerstrike Mantle 34 Cloth 0.05 %
Necromancer Leggings 35 Cloth 0.05 %
River Pride Choker 33 Miscellaneous 0.05 %
Briar Tredders 36 Leather 0.0102 %
Kingsblood 24 Herb 0.02 %
Burning War Axe 33 Two-Handed Axes 0.05 %
Combatant Claymore 33 Two-Handed Swords 0.05 %
Girdle of Golem Strength 33 Mail 0.05 %
Enduring Cap 33 Leather 0.05 %
Ironweaver 34 Guns 0.05 %
Stalvan's Reaper 37 One-Handed Axes 0.05 %
Midnight Mace 38 One-Handed Maces 0.05 %
Wolffear Harness 36 Leather 0.05 %
Black Duskwood Staff 38 Staves 0.05 %
Skullance Shield 38 Shields 0.05 %
Wing of the Whelpling 38 Cloth 0.05 %
Pads of the Venom Spider 38 Cloth 0.05 %
Sutarn's Ring 37 Cloth 0.05 %
Blush Ember Ring 37 Miscellaneous 0.05 %
Swampwalker Boots 37 Leather 0.05 %
Poison-tipped Bone Spear 36 Polearms 0.05 %
Ring of the Underwood 36 Miscellaneous 0.05 %
Archaic Defender 36 Two-Handed Swords 0.05 %
Deadwood Sledge 37 One-Handed Maces 0.05 %
Reticulated Bone Gauntlets 36 Mail 0.05 %
Wild Steelbloom 22 Herb 0.02 %
Bruiseweed 20 Herb 0.02 %
Plans: Green Iron Gauntlets 30 Blacksmithing 0.02 %
Plans: Mighty Iron Hammer 29 Blacksmithing 0.02 %
Plans: Jade Serpentblade 35 Blacksmithing 0.02 %
Plans: Golden Iron Destroyer 34 Blacksmithing 0.02 %
Plans: Green Iron Shoulders 32 Blacksmithing 0.02 %
Plans: Shadow Crescent Axe 40 Blacksmithing 0.02 %
Schematic: Parachute Cloak 45 Engineering 0.02 %
Schematic: Mithril Heavy-bore Rifle 44 Engineering 0.02 %
Pattern: Red Mageweave Pants 43 Tailoring 0.02 %
Pattern: White Bandit Mask 43 Tailoring 0.02 %
Pattern: Red Mageweave Gloves 45 Tailoring 0.02 %
Schematic: Portable Bronze Mortar 33 Engineering 0.02 %
Schematic: Bright-Eye Goggles 35 Engineering 0.02 %
Schematic: Large Seaforium Charge 40 Engineering 0.02 %
Plans: Iron Counterweight 33 Blacksmithing 0.02 %
Plans: Heavy Mithril Pants 42 Blacksmithing 0.02 %
Pattern: Turtle Scale Gloves 41 Leatherworking 0.02 %
Iron Ore 30 Trade Goods 0.02 %
Recipe: Mighty Troll's Blood Potion 36 Alchemy 0.02 %
Recipe: Elixir of Ogre's Strength 30 Alchemy 0.02 %
Lesser Mana Potion 24 Potions, Flask, Elixirs 0.02 %
Healing Potion 22 Potions, Flask, Elixirs 0.02 %
Tin Ore 20 Trade Goods 0.02 %
Formula: Enchant Bracer - Greater Spirit 44 Enchanting 0.02 %
Recipe: Magic Resistance Potion 42 Alchemy 0.02 %
Plans: Wicked Mithril Blade 45 Blacksmithing 0.02 %
Manual: Strong Anti-Venom 26 First Aid 0.02 %
Formula: Enchant Weapon - Lesser Beastslayer 35 Enchanting 0.02 %
Formula: Enchant Boots - Lesser Spirit 38 Enchanting 0.02 %
Formula: Enchant Weapon - Lesser Elemental Slayer 35 Enchanting 0.02 %
Pattern: Red Mageweave Vest 43 Tailoring 0.02 %
Comments


Chargement des commentaires...
ÉVÉNEMENTS

Phases

DISCORD JUDGEHYPE
Discord
BOUTIQUE
1 2 3
World of Warcraft: Battle for Azeroth
World of Warcraft: Battle for Azeroth - Édition Standard
World of Warcraft: Chronicles Volume 2
Le second volume du génial WoW: Chroniques. Version anglaise, elle sortira avant la VF...
World of Warcraft: Légendes
Un recueil de plusieurs histoires dédiées à des personnages emblématiques d'Azeroth: Zul'jin, Baine...
L'ANTRE DES PRÉDICTIONS
APPLICATIONS MOBILES
Application Android  Application iOS
SOUTENIR JUDGEHYPE
Logo Voici les moyens de soutenir JudgeHype :  Abonnez-vous au réseau JudgeHype  Désactivez adblock pour le réseau  Achetez via ce lien sur Materiel.net  Achetez via ce lien sur Amazon.fr  Achetez via ce lien sur Gamesplanet Nous vous remercions pour votre soutien sans qui le réseau JudgeHype ne pourrait continuer son travail !
Nombre de visites sur l'accueil depuis la création du site World of Warcraft Classic : 1.391.122 visites.
© Copyright 1998-2019 JudgeHype SPRL. Tous droits réservés. Reproduction totale ou partielle interdite sans l'autorisation de l'auteur.